Kate O'Connell/Innovation Trail/WXXI

Welcome to the Tuesday Trail Mix from the Innovation Trail team.

State Comptroller Tom DiNapoli has proposed an early warning system to monitor the financial solvency of school districts and municipalities.

New York state gained only 300 new construction jobs July to August.

The Environmental Working Group has accused the Cuomo administration of concealing industry influence on pending fracking regulation during a case currently before the Albany County Supreme Court.

Alarming national student dropout rates are in the spotlight this week in a major media collaborative.

License Some rights reserved by Nicholas_T / Creative Commons License

Welcome back from your hopefully restful long weekend, and here's the Tuesday Trail Mix from the Innovation Trail team.

Shopping around for cheaper natural gas for your home? The volatility of prices make it hardly worth the effort.

Summer heating has lead to algal bloom and fish kill in Lake Champlain.

A booming wind energy sector is bad news for the iconic bald eagle.

Buffalo and Rochester have been named as 'under-the-radar' innovation hotbeds.

FotoBart / via Flickr

The latest study on women in science by Stephen Ceci and Wendy Williams of Cornell doesn't break completely uncharted ground. But it does build a really solid case in numbers for why women's life decisions contribute to why they under-perform men in scientific fields.

The dilemma: More than half of MD degrees, PhDs in life sciences and social sciences, and roughly three quarters of PhDs in psychology and veterinary medicine, are held by women.  However, in the top 100 universities, only a fraction of tenure-track positions in "math-intensive fields" are held by women. Less that ten percent of full professors are women. Bias gets lots of attention in the literature. Ceci and Williams say it just doesn't explain a gap this big.

This situation is caused mainly by women's choices, both freely made and constrained by biology and society, such as choices to defer careers to raise children, follow spouses' career moves, care for elderly parents, limit job searches geographically, and enhance work-home balance. Some of these choices are freely made; others are constrained and could be changed.